The birth of the Industrial era has started in the eighteenth century. This led to an increase in the sizes of the cities and the need for construction.
Changes that happened in construction Industry during the First Industrial Revolution
The industrial revolution has shown the development in railways, canals and macadam roads during the nineteenth century. New construction devices including the steam engine, machine tools, explosives and optical surveying have evolved. The steel was mass-produced from the mid-nineteenth century. The usage of glass panes in the buildings has started to increase. Plumbing has appeared and it was used to give common access to drinking water and sewage collection. Building codes have started to be applied and special respect to fire safety was given.
Changes that happened in construction Industry during the Second Industrial Revolution
In the second industrial revolution, elevators and cranes have made high rise buildings and skyscrapers possible. Other new technologies like prefabrication and computer-aided drawing were introduced. Personal protective equipment such as hard hats and earmuffs also came into use by the workers.
New issues that have arisen due to the rapid development in the construction industry
After the Industrial Revolution, new technologies are taking over traditional tools and equipment. Due to these rapid changes, the amount of care needed for energy conservation and sustainable development has increased.
These major changes and issues also have very much to do with planning and other preconstruction works. Hence, discussion about these issues has now become part of the architecture and civil engineering courses.
Also Read: A Brief History Of Buildings